Monday, April 25, 2011

Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism

Deep vein thrombosis commonly affects the leg veins (such as the femoral vein or the popliteal vein) or the deep veins of the pelvis. Occasionally the veins of the arm are affectedA DVT can occur without symptoms, but in many cases the affected extremity will be painful, swollen, red, warm and the superficial veins may be engorged.

The most serious complication of a DVT is that the clot could dislodge and travel to the lungs, which is called a pulmonary embolism (PE). DVT is a medical emergency, so, all limb swellings, however trivial, should be regarded as a DVT until proven otherwise. Untreated lower extremity DVT has a 3% PE-related mortality rate. Deaths associated with upper extremity DVT are extremely rare. A late complication of DVT is the post-thrombotic syndrome, which can manifest itself as edema, pain or discomfort and skin problems.

Risk factors for DVT are:

1) Prolonged immobility
2) Oral contraceptive pills
3) Pregnancy
4) Known thrombophilic conditions
5) Previous history of DVT

Watch this video for further info :)
Whishing you guys All the best and Goodluck for the up coming exams!!!

1 comment:

  1. Deep leg veins are the larger veins that go through the calf muscles and thighs. They are the veins you can see just below the skin,